Dental surgery

Dental surgery in Barcelona

At Estudio Dental Barcelona, dental surgery is a treatment offered to patients who need surgical treatment not connected to dental implants.

Types of dental surgery other than for dental implants

  1. Surgery to remove third molars or wisdom teeth .
  2. Surgical placement of devices to allow unerupted teeth (teeth that have not entered the mouth) to come through by themselves and guide them into the correct position in the mouth as part of orthodontic treatment .
  3. Removal of teeth for reasons of space and for orthodontic treatments.
  4. Simple extractions for damaged teeth that cannot be treated.
  5. Tooth extraction because of periodontal disease (gum disease).

Removal of third molars (wisdom teeth) or extractions on the advice of the orthodontist, which is usually because of a lack of space and although a healthy tooth is being removed it has other benefits for the patient.

It is important to highlight that at Estudio Dental Barcelona, tooth extraction is the last resort when it is because of decay. We think it is very important to keep the teeth and so we only recommend extractions when there is no other conservative treatment available.

When the teeth have lost the supporting bone because of periodontal disease (gum disease), the dentist has to extract an apparently healthy tooth, but in fact the tooth could fall out at any time and these teeth have a higher risk of causing infection that damages the patient’s general health.

There are other types of oral surgery that can be done by a dentist, however they are less common and for more specific cases such as:

  1. Frenectomy.
  2. Removing cysts.
  3. Surgically removing lesions in the mouth.


Wisdom teeth

Because of evolution and the changes to our eating habits, the human body has changed over time. Among the obvious changes is the gradual transformation of the facial bones and the resulting changes to the teeth that form inside the jaw.

Our modern diet does not require as much chewing, because cooked food is softer than raw food. This means we use our molars less. In the case of third molars (wisdom teeth), evolution means they are beginning to disappear and often when they do exist they do not come through correctly, often not breaking through the gum completely or growing in the wrong direction.

When wisdom teeth do not come through correctly, it can create a range of problems in the mouth.

When wisdom teeth or third molars are not in the correct position, it is difficult to clean them, and this can create decay.

In addition, if the wisdom teeth do not fully come through, because of a lack of space, they are sometimes covered by the gum and this creates a risk that the gum could become inflamed or infected. This can lead to severe pain and make it necessary to remove the wisdom tooth.

To prevent problems like this, it is important to attend annual check-ups at the dentist. The dentist will assess the wisdom teeth using a full-mouth x-ray or panoramic x-ray as part of the intraoral exam. This will give the dentist and idea of the condition of the third molars in each patient. If problems develop during the assessment, the best thing is to remove the third molar.

Types of procedures used to remove third molars or wisdom teeth

Removal of a wisdom tooth that has erupted:

In this case the procedure is very simple and quick and is usually similar to removing any other molar.

Removing a partially impacted wisdom tooth

This case requires sophisticated surgical techniques.

Removing an impacted wisdom tooth

These are the wisdom teeth that have not come through into the mouth. For this type of extraction, the dentist has to use a small surgical procedure to access the area before removing the tooth.

Whatever the case, if the procedure is done by a dental surgeon, it is usually very simple and successful.


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